The moment you bring home your puppy should be the moment you start on its training, but should be done in a way that is both physically and mentally safe. Before you start training your puppy, remember that you need to focus on teaching it the right things by rewarding good behavior, and not punishing bad behavior at a time when your puppy still doesn’t know what you exactly want him or her to do.
If you focus only on teaching your puppy what not to do, you may be on the wrong track. Every puppy needs a chance to learn on its own, to develop a sense of right and wrong through positive reinforcement.
The word “No” or a shouted “NOOOOO!” is a no-no when it comes to training your puppy to perform proper behaviors. Repeating exercises is a much better way to go about showing a puppy that he or she made a mistake. Do not hold back rewards for partially performed behaviors – reward your puppy whenever he or she does something right, no matter how small it is.
Here’s one classic situation. You have a pair of nice, pricey shoes, and discover that your dog has been gnawing on them. This could result in one of two things, should you make the mistake of saying, or screaming “No”.
The consequence would usually be a very scared dog who has been negatively reinforced into not chewing shoes when the owner is in its presence. But this will only lead to your puppy repeating the action when you are not at home or in its presence. Take note that your dog didn’t mean anything wrong – it was just following its best judgment.
If you have a crate and you use it in the right way, the same can very well apply to your dog’s crate training, as it can be used to prevent accidents that may occur during general training, while leaving your dog with no choice but to relieve itself outside. The more your puppy goes outside to relieve himself or herself, and the more you reward this good deed, the more your puppy would understand where he or she should do its business.
This is a form of puppy training that is built on repeated success rather than making your pet fear your very presence. This builds confidence in your puppy as he or she continues learning behaviors.
To summarize, using positive reinforcement and other positive forms of house training could help your dog develop good behavior and a good personality as well. Once your puppy reaches its first year, it would greatly benefit from this healthy form of communication, and should be a reliable companion for you once it finally matures.