Once you buy or adopt a puppy, you should immediately start on giving it the proper and safest possible training at home. Before you start training your puppy, remember that you need to focus on teaching it the right things by rewarding good behavior, and not punishing bad behavior at a time when your puppy still doesn’t know what you exactly want him or her to do.
If you focus only on teaching your puppy what not to do, you may be on the wrong track. Stick to the positive first so your puppy will have a better chance to learn the behaviors you want them to practice.
The word “No” or a shouted “NOOOOO!” is a no-no when it comes to training your puppy to perform proper behaviors. Puppies respond better if you repeat the exercise or go back to a step he or she missed. More often than not, you will end up offering rewards for a job partially well done and take it from there until your puppy can do the entire technique or behavior correctly.
Here’s one classic situation. You have a pair of nice, pricey shoes, and discover that your dog has been gnawing on them. Most dog owners would panic and yell “Nooooo!”, but this is a pitfall that would lead to this consequence.
The first possibility is that your dog would cower in panic and realize that developing permanent teeth shouldn’t be done in your presence. Your dog would then refuse to upset you openly, and will stick to chewing on things while you’re gone. Remember that you’re dealing with dogs, and they are just following their natural instinct.
The above example can also apply to proper crate training and housebreaking – refrain from using the word “NO!” should your puppy do its business in your living room instead of going outside to relieve himself or herself. Reward your puppy’s good deed afterwards so that he or she would have it in mind that he/she needs to go outside to answer the call of nature.
Through the above examples, you are training your puppy not based on scare tactics, but rather on rewarding good behavior as it is repeated. You will also be rewarded by a more confident, friendly and respectful puppy.
To summarize, using positive reinforcement and other positive forms of house training could help your dog develop good behavior and a good personality as well. Once your puppy reaches its first year, it would greatly benefit from this healthy form of communication, and should be a reliable companion for you once it finally matures.